This conflict, arisen from the collapse of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, began in 1992 and continued up to 1995. Everything began when Serbia and Chernogoria (Montenegro), where Serbs were a majority, united and created the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In this phase of reorganization of the federal state, uniting six states and two autonomous regions, other states - Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia also wanted to claim independence. And when in 1992 Croats and Bosniaks voted for independence and declared it after the referendum organised by the Bosnian government, the bloody collisions with Serbs began. Serbs had declared a new state - the Republic of Serbia (Republika Srpska) and were demanding other territories from Bosnia and Herzegovina, where Serb minorities lived.
Even before the referendum the three ethnic groups had begun organizing their own small armies and militias, and the first collisions had happened yet in 1991 in the city of Ravno of Bosnia populated by Croats. But beginning from April of 1992 the bloodshed already included many other regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Bosniaks joined the battle of Croats and Serbs. In the beginning of the conflict Bosnian Croats and Bosniaks were fighting against Bosnian Serbs, but later there arose collisions between Muslim Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats. The reason again was the territorial conflict.
Different sources indicate that this conflict with the name the Bosnian War, which was the biggest conflict in Europe after WWII, had all three parts “right”. It would continue longer if not for the Dayton Peace Agreement by the interference of the international NATO and UN.
The losses of all three ethnic groups were huge. Different sources say human loss was as big as 100.000-200.000. 2.2 mln people were displaced. 12.000-20.000 women were raped, ethnic cleansings took place, according to some sources - a genocide - also many other war crimes, which were later investigated by the international court and many of the war leaders of the conflict were punished; mostly Serbs (45), but also Croats (12), and Bosniaks (4).